New Jersey . . . State 3
New Jersey's flag has a light yellow-brown background; this is the color of part of the uniform selected by General George Washington in 1779 for his New Jersey Continental Line. Part of the state seal is in the center. In the center is a blue shield with three plows in it. On the sides of the shield are the goddess of liberty which are holding a staff and the cap of freedom and the goddess of agriculture holding a cornucopia filled with food. Above this is the head armor of a knight, a horse's head, and blue filigrees. Below are the words "LIBERTY AND PROSPERITY" and the date "1776." The goddesses symbolize liberty and prosperity.
New Jersey, a mid-atlantic state, one of the original 13-states and is named after the Island located in the English Channel of Jersey. It was was the 3rd state in the USA and became a state on December 18, 1787. It is bordered by New York State to the north and northeast, the Atlantic Ocean on the east and south, and Delaware and Pennsylvania to the west. The capital city is Trenton and largest city is Newark.
New Jersey is a small state, 46th in size but densely populated, 9th in population with more than 8,500,000 residents. About 90% of New Jersey's population live in the cities and for every square mile there are more than 1,000 people. Because of density and location between NJ's two largest commercial cites, New York NY and Philadelphia PA the state has an excellent transportation system. It has excellent railroads, highway and waterways and very busy ports.
New Jersey’s nickname is the Garden State because of the rich farmland early in the 18th century.
From early spring to late fall NJ supplies huge amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables of all kinds. Even though it real crowed and urbanized it still produces large amounts of sweet potatoes, apples, peaches, cranberries, blueberries, strawberries and grapes.
New Jersey Economy: Agriculture: Nursery stock, horses, vegetables, fruits and nuts, seafood, dairy products.
New Jersey Industry: Chemical products, food processing, electric equipment, printing and publishing, tourism.
Due to NJ's long Atlantic Coast, New Jersey also has a large fishing industry with its main catch being sea bass, flounder, bluefish and clams. Major Industries - farming (potatoes, tomatoes, peaches), chemicals, pharmaceuticals, petroleum-based products, insurance and tourism.
New Jersey has a moderate climate, with pleasant summers and mild winters, especially along the coastal areas of the south and southeast. Snow falls across the state in winter, with heavier amounts in the hilly areas of the Piedmont Plateau and the mountains of the northwest. January is the coldest month and average high temperatures in the 30s. Colder conditions are common in the northwest August is the warmest month, with average temperatures near 80 degrees. Beach temperatures are often cooler. Statewide annual precipitation averages near 45 inches and sometimes higher amounts in areas of the north.
New Jersey has 21 counties:
Atlantic - Bergen - Burlington - Camden - Cape May - Cumberland - Essex - Gloucester - Hudson - Hunterdon - Mercer - Middlesex - Monmouth - Morris - Ocean - Passaic - Salem - Somerset - Sussex - Union - Warren